Recent meetings of the United Nations General Assembly on China-US trade dispute, migrants’ dispute over Europe’s entry into America, threats to oil supply to the Strait of Hormuz, increasing pressure on climate change, Pak-India tensions over Kashmir and the eradication of poverty. Development goals remained significant.
Chinese President Xi Jinping’s usual disappearance as a key factor in the trade dispute, President Vladimir Putin has never been more interested in the General Assembly meeting. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro were also not in attendance at the internal political crisis.
In addition to the US President who attended the 193-member General Assembly, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, Prime Minister of Pakistan Imran Khan, Narendra Modi of India, Saudi Foreign Minister, Turkish President and other countries had their eyes on the leaders of many countries. Everyone expressed their views at the biggest diplomatic event of the year according to their agenda. Someone used to hide in secret according to diplomatic tactics, while others kept spreading flames according to their political needs.
Leaders’ speeches at the General Assembly meeting underscored some of their moods and diplomatic priorities, but actual activity at UN headquarters is outside the General Assembly Hall, where Foreign Service officials do groundwork for sideline meetings with their country’s heads of state. And remove obstacles.
The General Assembly Hall is the center of the biggest diplomatic event of the year, but the delegation’s lounge and the UN bar are the main places where diplomatic activities take place. Delegates set policy in the lounge and bar, diplomatic stake patches are tried and future plans are in place.
The most important meeting for the region with regard to sideline meetings was the Foreign Ministers Meeting of the 4-way Strategic Dialogue in the US, Japan, Australia and India. This four-way strategic dialogue is called the ‘quad’. The quad has been renewed to counter China’s growing influence in the Indo Pacific region.
India has been opposed to bringing the Strategic Dialogue from the Joint Secretary level to the Ministerial level, but this year it was a Ministerial meeting, the strategic dialogue that began in the George W. Bush era was resurrected in November last year. Earlier, India had been opposed to bringing this dialogue to the ministerial level because of fear of China’s displeasure, but this year, after the Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh issues, relations between the two countries became so contentious that India’s policy had changed.
The official statement was not released after the four-way dialogue, but the four foreign ministers reported the meeting via a tweet. The four foreign countries at the meeting expressed their commitment to cooperate in their shared values, maritime security, infrastructure, interconnected projects and principles-based frameworks, the Australian Foreign Minister said in an emailed message to Indian newspapers.
A day after the meeting, the Prime Minister of Japan, the Prime Minister of Japan, signed a meeting with European Commission President Jon Claude Juncker in Brussels called the ‘Europe Asia Connectivity Plan’. This project can also be called the Europe Asia Link project. This project is compared to the China Belt and Road project. This was the point of infra structure and connectivity that was talked about in the four-way dialogue.
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and European Commission head June Claude Juncker criticized the Belt End Road and China without naming it at a ceremony to sign the Europe-Asia Link project. In Pakistan, SeaPeak is also part of the Belt and Road, which China has introduced as a model project of the Belt and Road.
Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said in a veiled criticism of China that whether a road or a port, when the European Union and Japan take responsibility for building a project, we are based on principles that are sustainable, from the Indo Pacific to the Western Balkans and Africa. Capable of connectivity. Sea routes from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic must be open. European Commission chief also says China will help build infrastructure without ‘mountains of debt’.
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and the head of the European Commission adopted the same words and tone that were adopted after the four-way strategic dialogue in the Australian Foreign Minister’s email and on infrastructure projects. In addition, another development took place on the same day that the Japanese Foreign Minister issued the Defense White Paper, declaring that the greatest threat to Japan was China rather than North Korea.
The four-way strategic dialogue on the UN General Assembly’s sideline, signing of the Europe-Asia Link project in Brussels, is the result of Japan’s defense white paper launching an integrated diplomatic effort. This integrated diplomacy came to an end during the United Nations Assembly and was the answer to China’s defense white paper, which was released in July this year. Earlier, China issued the Defense White Paper in 2015 and this year’s Defense White Paper is the first white paper of President Xi Jinping.
The white paper titled ‘China’s National Defense in a New Age’ was released in response to a changing US strategic change after the war on terror and extremism. The United States is now focusing on confrontation and potential confrontation with China and Russia, departing from the policies of war on terror.
China’s Defense White Paper highlighted that the United States and China are superpowers against each other and that China is modernizing its forces in a way that it will one day be able to challenge the United States. The white papers in China have a strong response to the US National Security Strategy of 2017 and the papers released in 2018 called the National Defense Strategy of the United States. In these papers, the United States also declared China its only competitor country, and in this context, military preparations were mentioned.
China’s White Paper states that international strategic competition is on the rise, the United States has changed its national security and defense strategy and adopted unilateral policies; Increased its defense budget, increased nuclear capabilities, increased space capabilities, strategic capabilities in cyber and missile defense. NATO has also increased its presence in Central and Eastern Europe and is constantly engaged in military exercises.
China’s White Paper indicates that the region is becoming a stronghold of competition between major countries, the US is strengthening military alliances in Asia-Pacific, increasing military presence and intervention, the ‘THAD’ system in South Korea. Installation has affected the strategic balance in the region, regional regional interests of the countries of the region have worsened.
China’s White Paper identified territorial disputes in the region as a threat to Taiwan, Tibet and Turkistan separatists, and without mentioning the US, countries outside the region were constantly spying on China’s land, air and sea. Are entering China’s maritime boundary, spying on the islands around the Chinese airspace and endangering China’s national security.
During the meeting on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly meeting, the Foreign Minister talked about bringing the four-way strategic dialogue from informal dialogue to the ministerial level, gathering intelligence and uniting on regional security issues. This was supported by Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison’s statement on the revival of the Strategic Dialogue last November, Scott Morrison said that he views the ‘quad’ as the most important structure in the region, with economic, military and strategic context can contribute.
The background of the region’s activities at this General Assembly meeting illustrates why there was no major pressure on India regarding Kashmir. All major powers, including the United States, are lining up against China, and China is not only an ally of Pakistan but a party to the Kashmir dispute. Under these circumstances, the great powers will not risk the annoyance of India.
Pakistan had expectations of Kashmir from the US regarding Kashmir which did not materialize. President Trump also mentioned the mediation this time but it seems that the first time India was annoyed at the mention of mediation, it was probably not ours. Has become a zoo. Under Narendra Modi’s leadership, India has abandoned its policy of not angering China and not participating in its blocking policy. This new alignment makes it clear that the Cold War era has returned to full swing, but this time China is against America.
China clarified its position on the Indo-Pacific Strategy of Fourth Strategic Dialogue in March 2018. Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Xi had said that the officials of the four countries have said that the four-way dialogue has no country, hope that what they are saying will also justify it because of the Cold War. In the long run, there will be no market available to the blockade makers.