What is 5G Technology?
Fifth-generation wireless (5G) is the latest revolutionary iteration of cellular technology, responsible to greatly increase the speed and responsiveness of wireless networks. With 5G, data transmitted over wireless broadband connections could travel at rates as high as 20 Gbps by some estimates as well as offer latency of 1 ms or lower for uses that require real-time feedback. 5G will also enable a sharp increase in the amount of data transmitted over wireless systems due to more available bandwidth and advanced antenna technology.
In addition to improvements in speed, capacity, and latency, 5G offers network management features, among them network slicing, which allows mobile operators to create multiple virtual networks within a single physical 5G network. This capability will enable wireless network connections to support specific uses or business cases and could be sold on an as-a-service basis. A self-driving car, for example, would require a network slice that offers extremely fast, low-latency connections so a vehicle could navigate in real-time. A home appliance, however, could be connected via a lower-power, slower connection because high performance is not crucial. The internet of things (IoT) could use secure, data-only connections.
Why US and China are fighting for 5G Technology?
Let’s just say it’s a lot more important than allowing you to download the latest high-definition episode of Game of Thrones on your smartphone in seconds. According to some experts, 5G could change the way we live forever.
Simply put, 5G means faster internet connections with huge capacity. 5G wireless networks will provide the connectivity backbone for a host of industrial “Internet of Things” applications that work on big data, such as AI-powered manufacturing and smart city processes and even the traffic infrastructure for a world where driverless cars are the norm.
“5G is a real revolution. Connectivity will become a platform and no longer a pipeline … [making it] possible to get everything online all the time and all the applications up into the cloud,” said Ken Hu, Huawei’s rotating chairman at the company’s analyst summit this week.
Who is winning the battle?
“China plans to deploy the first widespread 5G network in 2020. First-mover advantage will likely drive significant increases in their handset and telecom equipment vendors market along with their domestic semiconductor and system suppliers.
“As a result, Chinese internet companies will be well-positioned to develop services and applications for their home market that take advantage of 5G speed and low latency. As 5G is deployed across the globe, China’s handset and internet applications and services are likely to become dominant, even if they are excluded from the US.
“China is on a track to repeat in 5G what happened with the United States in 4G.”
Standing of Pakistan:
In July, Pakistan Telecommunication Authority issued the advertisement for 5G wireless networks trials. The telecom regulator is expected to issue 5G licenses by year-end that will pave the way to launch 5th generation service of mobile cellular communications in the country, which has a subscriber base of more than 161 million as of June 2019.
According to industry sources, 5G service in Pakistan will be 100 times faster than the current levels while the network will be 10 times faster than existing broadband connections available in the country. 5G home routers speed has been recorded at 4 gigabytes per second, which means that it can download a 50GB file in just two minutes.
5G is expected to revolutionize key sectors such as healthcare, agriculture, and education in Pakistan.